How to solve error “The trust relationship between this workstation and the primary domain failed” / German: Die Vertrauensstellung zwischen dieser Arbeitsstation und der primären Domäne konnte nicht hergestellt werden”

This error can happen on Windows domain clients for several reasons like HDD errors etc., which are mostly not reproducible. You try to login with your domain credentials and this message appears. Solution Log in as the local administrator, using...
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