This error can happen on Windows domain clients for several reasons like HDD errors etc., which are mostly not reproducible. You try to login with your domain credentials and this message appears.
Log in as the local administrator, using „[yourcomputername]administrator“. If you forgot the password or the user is deactivated, there are several tools like Boot CDs to configure the local user.
Make sure the correct time is set at the client and server.
Try a reboot of the client. If domain login fails, log in again locally.
Re-join your domain by going to system properties on your client and changing the domain name to the Netbios name.
Example: If your domain name is „meow.local“, change the domain name on your client to „meow“.
Then reboot and it should work again. The user profiles should load like before and no data should be lost.